Bio Energy

Alberta’s rich and diverse agricultural resources have many potential bio-energy sources, including corn, canola, forestry waste and livestock waste.

Bio energy can be described as any renewable energy or fuel originating from biological sources. Bioenergy is emerging as an important contender within Alberta.

Ethanol, Biodiesel, and Biogas are all renewable bio-fuels:


Fuel ethanol is a form of alcohol, produced from a wide range of grains such as wheat, corn or canola. It is now also possible for forestry waste and municipal solid waste to be turned into ethanol.

Gasoline can be blended with 5 – 10% Ethanol, improving engine performance and reducing greenhouse emissions by upto 8%.


Vegetable oils, recycled cooking oils, and animal fats, can be manufactured to produce bio diesel. This can be used as a fuel on its own, or blended with regular diesel. Benefits of using biodiesel as it can often be used without any changes to the engine, and it reduces some diesel pollutants such as carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide.


Biogas containing approx 70% methane is produced by fermenting manure, food waste and several types of plant life. Biogas can be used to generate heat, electricity and steam.